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Spaghetti with Clams in a White Sauce, Spaghetti alle Vongole in Bianco

Squid Ink Spaghetti with Clams

Squid Ink Spaghetti with Clams

Spaghetti with clams is the quintessential summer dish, and is amazingly refreshing on a hot day. Though you can use canned shellfish packed in their juice to make spaghetti alle vongole, live clams are far better, and I also find frozen clams to be superior to canned. I generally omit tomatoes because I find that they overshadow the flavor of the clams.

  • An eight-ounce (200 g) jar of shelled clams, a 1-pound package (400 g) frozen clams, whose net weight will be about 200 g, or two pounds (1 k) small fresh live clams (how to prepare live clams)
  • 2 small cloves garlic, minced
  • A small bunch of parsley, minced
  • A half a dried red pepper, crumbled
  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 2 to 4 peeled and seeded or canned plum tomatoes, diced (optional)
  • Salt to taste
  • A pound (450 g) of spaghetti

Wondering about the picture?  The spaghetti are spaghetti al Nero di Seppia, spaghetti blackened with squid ink, which have a delicate fishy flavor that works very well with the clams. I had a package, and this was a good opportunity to put it to use.

Returning to the recipe, if you opt for fresh clams, they should be tightly closed and shouldn’t smell. Scrub them well and let them sit in salted water for several hours, so they can purge themselves of sand. Cook them, and when they open stir them, shells, liquor, and all, into the sauce. Half the fun of eating spaghetti alle vongole is fishing out the shells and sucking the sauce off them.

The above was advice, and now to the instructions: If you are using live clams, begin steaming them, using a pot or skillet that doesn’t have a non-stick surface for the shells to scratch – they are done when they’ve opened, and it won’t take long. Also, have the pasta water ready.

Using a large pot, gently sauté the garlic and the chili pepper in the oil, adding the parsley when the mixture starts to brown. Be careful not to let it burn, and if you’re using frozen clams (which come in a block, frozen in their juice), add them at this point and simmer, flipping the block occasionally so it thaws from both sides. Meanwhile, cook the spaghetti.

If you are instead using fresh or canned clams, add the cooked clams and some of their juice, or the juice of the canned clams, to the garlic mixture. If you are using tomato, add it too. Simmer the sauce until the pasta is done. If you are using canned clams, stir them into the sauce at this point; cooked longer, they become tough. Drain the pasta, stir it into the sauce, and serve without cheese.

Here is an easier way: if you are using fresh clams, scrub them, purge them, and cook them. Meanwhile, mince and sauté a clove of garlic, a red pepper, and a bunch of parsley. Add a couple spoonfuls of broth from the fresh shellfish or the juice of the canned shellfish to the garlic mixture, and season it with salt to taste. Stir the shellfish into the sauce, cook for a minute longer, and stir the sauce into the spaghetti. Serve without cheese.

Either method will serve four, and if you use canned clams this is perfect for camping where water is not a problem.

Note: If any of the shellfish are still shut tight when you’ve finished cooking them, throw them out! DON’T EAT THEM! They were already dead when you began to cook them and could make you quite sick.

Preparing Live Clams (or Mussels), and a Pasta Sauce for Them

Preparing Live Clams: Clams & Sea Salt

Preparing Live Clams: Clams & Sea Salt

In Italy one generally buys live clams or mussels by the bag, with the bag’s being made of netting or otherwise prepared so as to allow the animals to breathe, and the chances are that the shells will be partially open as they sit on the shelf or bed of crushed ice or what have you. If you shake the bag the bag gently, they should shut tight; animals that fail to react when they’re jogged are either dead or dying, and you don’t want either. Bend over and sniff the bag too; though shellfish do smell slightly fishy, off or sharp odors are again a bad sign; select something else.

Where you procure your shellfish is also important: Clams and mussels are filter feeders, and if their water contains pollution or harmful bacteria, so will they.

Therefore, avoid roadside stands and people selling shellfish off the back of trucks, and, if you decide to gather your own, check with the authorities to make sure the area where you plan to gather is safe before you do. If you do not, you run the risk of catching something nasty, hepatitis for example, from tainted shellfish.

Once you get home with your shellfish you will have to keep them alive until you’re ready to cook them, and since the preparation does take a while you might as well start immediately. Why the preparation? Because shellfish are filter feeders and bottom dwellers, and therefore tend to contain quite a bit of sand.

Preparing Live Clams: Soak Them

Preparing Live Clams: Soak Them

If you have access to clean seawater, use it. Otherwise, fill a plastic bucket with tap water, adding one part non-iodized salt for every ten parts water (by weight; this works out to 1 pound salt for every 10 pints water, or 500 g per every 5 liters, and let the water sit for several hours to give the chlorine or other water-purification gasses it may contain time to bubble out (treated water straight from the tap can kill what’s put into it). Scrub the clams well, or, if you’re preparing mussels, scrape away their beards with a knife and scrub them; should you find any animals with broken shells discard them.

Soak your shellfish — in this case I had a 1-kilo, or 2 1/4-pound bag of clams — in salted water in the refrigerator for several hours, or overnight; during this time they will purge themselves of sand and grit, which will be left behind when you remove them from the container

Preparing Live Clams: Sand & Grit

Preparing Live Clams: Sand & Grit

It is now time to cook the clams.

Preparing Live Clams: In a Skillet

Preparing Live Clams: In a Skillet

Use an untreated pot, as the hard shells will scratch a non-stick surface, and set the pot, covered, over the fire. Very shortly you’ll begin to hear popping sounds: The clams are snapping open.

Don’t turn the heat too high lest the liquor they give off either boil over or dry out. The clams will be cooked in about 5 minutes. Don’t overcook, because that will toughen the clams.

Preparing Live Clams: They Open

Preparing Live Clams: They Open

At this point your clams are cooked; pick over them and discard any that have remained shut tight: They were already dead before you put them in the pot, and eating them could make you quite sick!

If you’re making something along the lines of stewed clams or mussels, serve them as they are (if you recipe calls for other ingredients, I would add them when cooking the clams), and enjoy fishing the shells from your bowl and sucking out the shellfish. If you are instead making pasta sauce, shuck most of them, leaving a few in their shells for aesthetic appeal. In either case, strain and reserve to pot liquor.

Making Clam Sauce: Chop Herbs

Making Clam Sauce: Chop Herbs

I was making spaghetti with clams, in bianco — in other words, without tomato. It’s a quick, easy to prepare dish. I minced a handful of parsley with a large clove of garlic using a mezzaluna, the classic crescent-shaped knife Italians use for these tasks. If you have one, you might want to add a small seeded, ribbed hot pepper the herbs.

Making Clam Sauce: Saute Herbs

Making Clam Sauce: Saute Herbs

While I was cooking the clams I had also set a pot of pasta water to boil, and by this time it had begun to bubble, so I salted it and added a pound of spaghetti (for 4 people), giving the pot a stir to separate the strands.

I next wiped out the skillet I had cooked the clams in, and then heated about a half cup of extra virgin olive oil; when it was hot I added the herbs and cooked, stirring, until the garlic began to color. It’s important not to overbrown the garlic, lest it become bitter.

Making Clam Sauce: Add Clams and Pasta

Making Clam Sauce: Add Clams and Pasta

By now the pasta was on the firmer side of al dente — in other words, barely cooked, and still rather chewy — I drained it, gave it a good shake, and then turned it into the skillet, together with the clams and the clam liquor, and turned the heat up to high.

This technique of cooking pasta in a skillet with the sauce is called strascicato, and the pasta absorbs the flavor of the sauce as it cooks. Don’t cook it for more than a minute or two, lest the sauce dry out, and stir constantly as you cook to keep the strands from sticking to either each other or the pot. Don’t forget to check seasoning as you stir; I added some dried hot pepper flakes.

Making Clam Sauce: Mix Well

Making Clam Sauce: Mix Well

Done! Spaghetti with fresh clams are much richer than spaghetti made with canned clams, so if you have access to them, do try this clam sauce.

To serve 4 as a first course, you’ll need:

  •     2 1/4 pounds (1 k) live clams
  •     Sea salt (or Kosher salt) sufficient to salt the purging water
  •     A handful of parsley and a clove of garlic, minced
  •     1 pound (450 g) spaghetti
  •     1/2 cup olive oil (you could also use 1/4 cup each oil and unsalted butter)
  •     Salt, pepper, and hot pepper to taste. A dash of oregano might be nice, but I didn’t add it this time

No Cheese — Italians generally don’t serve cheese with fish sauces

The wine? White, a Fiano di Avellino. And a tossed salad.

Enjoy!

This recipe in a shorter page.